Here’s What Is Breakthrough Bleeding And It’s Causes

Most women experience abnormalities in their menstrual cycle. One such condition is breakthrough bleeding. Read to learn more about it.

Vaginal bleeding isn’t at all times about your periods. If you’re coping with vaginal bleeding or recognizing that happens between menstrual cycle or when you’re pregnant, this is often known as “breakthrough bleeding.”

Most ladies have an thought of when their subsequent period will arrive. But recognizing blood in your underwear earlier than the due date usually results in ladies going right into a state of panic. And what provides as much as fear is that many instances, ladies have no idea what may very well be inflicting it.

Come, let’s learn the way to detect breakthrough bleeding or recognizing, in addition to what is likely to be inflicting it and when it’s best to go to your physician.

We spoke to Dr Sangeeta Gomes, Consultant – Obstetrician and Gynaecologist, Motherhood Hospital, Sarjapur, Bengaluru, who defined about this situation and its causes.

What is breakthrough bleeding?

Dr Gomes says, “Breakthrough bleeding refers to any bleeding or spotting that occurs between menstrual cycles or while pregnant. Blood is typically light reddish brown or dark reddish brown, similar to blood at the beginning or end of a period.”

Depending on the trigger, it might resemble common menstrual blood. Every month, it’s essential to maintain observe of any adjustments in your common bleeding patterns. Spotting blood between period has quite a few medical causes.

Symptoms of breakthrough bleeding

Spotting is normally a lot lighter than common menstrual movement. Unlike a daily period, it may be so mild that no pad or tampon is required. There could also be no signs of recognizing, but when it is attributable to a medical downside, it’s possible you’ll experience further signs, reminiscent of:

  • Pain or burning sensation whereas peeing or sexual intercourse
  • Itching, redness, or vaginal discharge
  • Abdominal pain
  • Irregular periods
  • Heavy bleeding throughout periods

Causes of breakthrough bleeding

1. Implantation bleeding

Spotting is a common symptom within the early weeks of pregnancy. When a fertilised egg connects to the uterine wall, it is often known as implantation, which results in recognizing. This small quantity of implantation blood may very well be misinterpreted as a month-to-month cycle, main a girl to be unaware that she is pregnant. Consult to your physician.

2. Contraception

Some contraception methods, significantly when first used, could cause recognizing. Dr Gomes says, “Spotting has been reported by some women who use an IUD (intrauterine device) for birth control.”

3. Fibroids

Fibroids and cervical polyps, that are benign growths within the cervix or uterus, could cause recognizing and irregular bleeding.

4. Infection

According to Dr. Gomes, “Breakthrough bleeding can also be caused by infections such as sexually transmitted diseases (STDs).”

5. Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS)

Multiple cysts within the ovaries are a typical symptom of polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS). It can result in issues in conceiving, in addition to inflicting breakthrough bleeding. PCOS is extra common amongst ladies than you suppose.

6. Miscarriage or ectopic pregnancy

“Spotting and bleeding in early pregnancy are sometimes linked to miscarriage or ectopic pregnancy, while the vast majority of spotting in pregnant women is not due to serious causes,” says Dr Gomes.


In most instances, breakthrough bleeding is regular and not a trigger for concern. You can attempt to management it with tampons, pads, pantyliners, and menstrual cups.

However, it’s OK to debate your worries along with your physician should you’re not sure what’s inflicting the bleeding.

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